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What are the various kinds of creative writing

What Are the Different Types of Creative Writing?

Creative writing is the process of writing stories or narrations that focus more on entertaining and telling a story than simply relating facts. It is a form of fiction, or created work, and it can take the form of a novel, novella, short story, poem, essay, anecdote, biography, autobiography, memoir, and more. Even writing that is generally considered to fall into the non-fiction category can be written creatively, so creative writing is not limited to the fictional. Generally speaking, any story that uses figurative language, a narrative story arc, or other elements that allow the writer to focus on the narrative and writing rather than the simple relay of facts can fall into the creative writing category.

Short stories and novels are perhaps the most common forms of creative writing. A short story is a piece of prose writing that is usually 6,000 words or fewer; it generally follows a plot structure, which includes an introduction or exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and denouement or resolution. This plot structure can be altered to suit the author’s purposes, but usually at least some of these elements are included in the story. Fictional characters are also generally included in the narrative, as well as a setting and specific tone to the writing.

Novels are much longer stories that usually range anywhere from 60,000 words to 200,000 words or more. These stories also usually follow some sort of plot structure, though novels tend to have a more complex plot structure and more characters. The novel may include several different settings over the course of the narrative, and more than one plot line may be present in this creative writing form. Shorter stories that are too long to be short stories and too short to be novels are known as novellas.

Creative writing can also be done in non-fiction. This relatively new craft is sometimes known as creative non-fiction, and it involves writing about factual events while paying attention to the quality of the prose. Traditional non-fiction generally focuses on relating facts, while creative non-fiction aims to relate facts stylistically. The writing may be more interesting and may contain figurative language, plot structure, character development and assessment, and a less direct manner of relating facts. Memoirs often employ such writing, as may biographies, essays, anecdotes, and so on. Events may also be analyzed during the narrative to enhance any humorous aspects of the event, dramatic aspects, poignant exchanges, and so on.

Learning a new style of creative writing, such as creative non-fiction, can be tricky. If you are looking to hone a new writing style, hiring a 1:1 online writing tutor is a great approach.

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Discussion Comments

@bythewell – I agree it is a good idea to make sure you take a well rounded course, although you will also want to eventually focus on a single kind of creative writing.

Otherwise it can be difficult to develop the skills you will need to succeed.

However, I think the most important thing when choosing a creative writing school is making sure it is well respected.

Try to take a course where they ask for writing samples in your application, but don’t take that as a given that it is difficult to get into. See what they post as their acceptance rates. They might not even look at the samples, after all.

Ask around to see what the reputation of the school is with other writers. You can look on forums and blogs for example.

Sometimes these so called schools are just an excuse to take your money and won’t give you any real value at all. bythewell July 15, 2011

If you are going to take an online creative writing course, I would recommend taking one which teaches a wide range of different kinds of creative writing.

I did one which taught scriptwriting, journalism, short stories, poetry and so on and it was really good getting a chance to try out all these different forms. You can really learn something from poetry, for example, if you want to write creative non-fiction, or from scriptwriting if you want to write a novel.

Limiting yourself to only one form is a mistake in the modern world, where you need to be able to put your hand to everything if you want to keep your career going forward. umbra21 July 14, 2011

Creative non-fiction is a relatively new term for something that has been gaining popularity for the last couple of decades.

It is a really exciting kind of writing, too, with a wide open interpritation at the moment as to what can be considered creative non-fiction.

So, the message can be put across in a poetic form, or as a story, or as an essay, or any other way you can think of, as long as you are trying to convey factual information, rather than fiction.

Bill Bryson is a good example of someone who started out writing travel biography and is now writing books about science and history in a way that is interesting and easy to understand, and which often makes use of tools like narrative.

Writing Guide: What Is Creative Writing and Its Types?

Information is the fundamental component of all discourse, no wonder what type. Even creative writing does express information, just as insightful prose, expositions, or directions do.

So is there a difference between creative and non-creative writing? Before answering this question, one should know what is creative writing.

The term “creative” can be understood in a variety of ways. The following are a few examples of descriptions: “the potential to construct”, “explorative”, “constructive and innovative”, “exemplified by articulation and individuality” are all terms used to describe people who have the ability to create.

Story writing, in which the author creates situations, scenarios, and characters, and often even a setting, is sometimes known as creative writing.

The aim of creative writing is not to educate but to entertain. Its aim is to provoke a reaction by stirring emotions.

What are the forms of creative writing?

Now that you know the meaning of creative writing, let us look at the different forms of creative writing. As discussed above, creative writing is explorative and innovative and therefore has several distinct forms.

#1. Poetry

Poetry is one of the most popular mediums of creative writing. In poetry, there are absolutely no rules. Poetry can be as creative as you make it. Writers have the freedom to experiment with all kinds of poetry. A few common types of poetry are:

  • Haiku: This type of poetry focuses on the beauty and simplicity of nature. The poems are usually three-line stanzas.
  • Free verse poems: This is an open form of poetry and hence, does not contain any pattern, rhyme, or structure.
  • Ballad: A ballad is a poem that tells a story based on a legend or a folk tale.
  • Sonnets: A sonnet is a one-stanza, 14-line poem, written in iambic pentameter.

#2. Novels

Novels are certainly the most popular form of creative writing. They allow readers to escape from reality and dip in and out of the new worlds created by the novelists. There are different types of novels. For instance, mysteries, romance, thrillers, science fiction, fantasy, and historical fiction.

#3. Short stories

Also known as short fiction, short stories are a form of creative writing that is shorter than a novel and contains just a few characters. They usually fall between 3,000 to 6,000 words and hence, can be read in a single sitting. There are five elements of a short story:

  • Character: A person or an animal taking part in an action of short fiction.
  • Setting: The time and place when the action is taking place in the story.
  • Plot: The foundation of a story with a series of events and character actions that relate to the central conflict.
  • Conflict: A struggle between opposing forces is called a conflict in a story.
  • Theme: The main idea or belief of a story.

#4. Essays

Essay writing requires creative thinking therefore, they are a form of creative writing. Essays are usually associated with academic writing. However, there are different types of essays such as personal essays, descriptive essays, argumentative essays, and narrative essays.

#5. Journals

Almost everything you write that does not follow a specific structure is creative writing, including your journals. A journal is a written record of your thoughts and experiences. It preserves your memories and makes you remember things crystal clear.

Types of creative writing

If you remain focused on your goal, whether you are writing essays, business materials, novels, posts, emails, or even just notes in your journal, your writing would be at its finest.

There are four types of creative writing: expository, descriptive, convincing, and narrative.

Each of these four types of creative writing has a distinct goal that demands various writing abilities. You may have often seen them referred to as rhetorical modes or modes of debate in an academic context.

Higher education institutions teach nine conventional rhetorical styles, but the bulk of pieces they expect you to compose would be to serve one of these four purposes

Mentioned below are the different types of creative writing:


Since the term expository includes the word reveal, it is a good descriptor for this style of writing as it reveals, or puts out information.

It is definitely the most typical type of writing you will come across in your daily life. This type of writing can be demonstrated in newspapers, articles, essays, and journals.

A subject would be presented and set out in a clear order in an expository piece, with little regard to the author’s personal opinions. There are five types of expository essays:

  • How-to: This is also known as the process essay. This type of essay answers the question, “How-to?” and explains the process to the readers.
  • Problem/solution: In this essay, you identify an existing problem or an issue and suggest solutions for the problem.
  • Comparison: This type of writing involves comparing two subjects and explaining their similarities and differences.
  • Cause and effect: Involves writing about why an issue took place and what are the results of that issue.


The aim of descriptive writing is to help the reader imagine a character, an experience, a place, or all of these things together in great detail.

Authors use all five senses to describe the environment. Expository writing limits the writer’s creative expression, while descriptive writing does not. The types of descriptive writing are:

  • Biography: A biography is a detailed work about a person. It features facts and information about that person’s life.
  • Travel writing: This writing style enables the author to use a descriptive writing style competently.
  • Nature writing: Nature writing describes the beauty of nature. For instance, John Keats’ poems.


The aim of persuasive writing, often known as argumentation, is to persuade the reader to adopt the author’s viewpoint. In a typical piece, the writer may share personal views and provide reasons to persuade the reader to agree with them.

While writing a persuasive piece, the following appeals are preferred:

  • Ethos – Be credible: Claims are made more believable by appealing to credibility. By writing clearly, the writer builds on their ethos.
  • Lagos – Be logical: A writer persuades by appealing to logic. This type of writing requires reputable evidence. Quote by a reliable source, for instance.
  • Pathos– Appeal to emotions: A writer persuades by appealing to emotions.

Being logical, credible, and appealing to a writer’s emotions becomes imperative while writing persuasively.


The aim of narrative writing is to showcase a plot, whether it is a true story or an imaginary one. Characters will appear in plot pieces, and the reader will experience what happens to them through the story. Dialogue is often used in narrative prose. The four common types of narrative writing are:

  • Linear narrative: A linear narrative depicts the events in the order that they happened.
  • Non-linear narrative: A non-linear narrative delivers the events of the story without following the order. It uses flashbacks to change the chronology of a story.
  • Quest narrative: A quest narrative is a story where the protagonist works relentlessly to achieve an objective.
  • Viewpoint narrative: In viewpoint narrative writing, the subjective perspective of the narrator filters the sensory details.

Understanding your purpose behind creative writing

Expository prose is an appropriate way to present facts. Textbooks, journalism (except opinion and editorial articles), corporate writing, professional writing, essays, and directions all contain facts.

Rich representation in descriptive writing evokes visualisation.You can employ it in fiction, verse, journal publishing and advertisement.

Persuasive writing attempts to persuade the reader to agree with the author’s viewpoint. It finds utility in advertisements as well as opinion and editorial pieces, ratings and job applications

A story is told in narrative prose. Fiction, poems, biographies, and anecdotes all have some degree of narration.

Ways to be more creative with your writing

Learn from the best, but there is no need to emulate them. Additionally, it is helpful to read well-known authors as examples of high-quality writing.

Seek out the genre’s highlights, depending on the writing style. If you want to write young adult fiction, look up to classics like J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, R.L. Stine’s Goosebumps world, or Judy Blume’s touching coming-of-age books.

Furthermore, Research the works of Isaac Asimov and Neil Gaiman if you choose to write science fiction. at the same time, do not mistake the voices of these writers for your own. Use your favourite books as a starting point. To be genuinely artistic, you must develop ideas, styles, and a point of view that are distinct from others.

To brainstorm, use the snowflake technique. The snowflake process, developed by author and writing coach Randy Ingermanson, is a method for writing a novel from the ground up by beginning with a simple plot summary and layering in additional components.

It is suitable for a wide range of creative writing projects. To initiate the snowflake process, conceive a big-picture plot concept and write a one-sentence description for it

Moreover, you can Try freewriting for a while. It is the art of writing without a predetermined format, such as outlines, cards, notes, or editorial supervision. In freewriting, the writer follows their own mental instincts, causing ideas and creativity to come to them spontaneously.

Allow the words on the screen to be inspired by the stream of consciousness.

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