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Research Report writing MCQs with answers

Every research leads to the creation of a research report. The report is the formal logical presentation of the research that has been conducted. The purpose of the research report is to convey to the interested persons the whole result of a study in sufficient detail and to determine the validity of the conclusions.

In this post, we have listed 21 Multiple Choice Questions on Report Writing with answers.

1. What is a legal report?

A report which deals specifically with a legal problem

It’s a brief statement of the most significant facts necessary for the investigation

Both a and b

2. Guidelines for report writing includes:

Knowledge of the research material

Organizing of research material

Bibliography, footnotes and head notes

All o.f the above

3. Bibliography is :

At the end of the study arranged in alphabetical order

Anywhere in the study

Beginning of the study

Not necessary to be included

4. Which of the following become the initial part of a report:

List of abbreviations

All of the above

5. The conceptual framework and background of research which will become the source for formulation of the hypothesis is known as:

Review of literature

None of the above

6. Appendix to the report includes:

All of the above

7. Bibliography is;

all the consulted sources of data whether primary or secondary, reference books, articles, reports, unpublished material

8. The purpose of bibliography is:

Add to the volume of the study

Provide cross-reference and authenticity to the report

9. Formatting, spaces, spellings and grammar becomes part of:


10. Diagrammatic representation is used:

To confuse the reader

To make the report more interesting and easy

11. In the research process, report writing is:

The final step in the research

Both a and b

12. One of the useful skills for a researcher is:

The ability to understand the research

The ability to write an effective research report

None of the above

13. The introduction of a report should state which of the following:

Nature of the study

Sources of information

Scope of the study

All of the above

14. Which of the following must be mentioned by the researcher in the report:

Problems in collecting the data

Possible discrepancies in data collection

Suggestions to subsequent investigators on the same topic in the same context

All of the above

15. The main text provides the complete outline of the research report along with all details. It includes:

Review of literature

Analysis and interpretation

Findings and Recommendations

All of the above

16. Report is the formal logical presentation of the research that has been conducted.


17. A report which deals specifically with a legal problem is said to be a legal research report.


18. Which of the following forms part of the preliminary section of a legal research report:

List of abbreviations

All of the above

Formal logical presentation of the research

Summary of the research

No, the answer is incorrect.

20. The objective of a research report are:

Conveying of knowledge to the concerned people in the field of research

Proper presentation of the findings for further utilization of the recommendations.

Give impetus to research in the concerned knowledge area.

To re-examine the validity of generalizations drawn by the researcher after the report has been submitted.

All of the above

21. Which of the following is not a form of research report?

Enquiry report of a commission


| MCQ on project report writing |
MCQ on report writing in business communication | Multiple Choice Questions on writing a research paper |

Research Methodology MCQ with Answers

5. Which of the following is the Objective of the Research?

(A) To become familiar with a phenomenon

(B) To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variables

(C)To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with it is associated with something else.

(D) All of the above

6. Research is basically

(A) a methodology of enquiry

(B) search of truth

(C) a systematic exploration of facts

(D) All of the above

7. A test of research aptitude for candidates of the UGC NET, is aimed at

(A) providing basic idea of search to the candidates

(B) Screening the persons having scientific bent of mind

(C) providing a database of ‘future’ scientists of the country to the Government

(D) putting obstacles to the candidates

8. The main purpose of research in education is to

(A)-help in individual’s personal growth

(B) increase the social prestige of an individual

(C) increase individual’s market value of jobs

(D) help the individual to become an eminent educationist

9. Where is the objective observation used?

(A) In conducting experiments

(C) In normal behaviour

(D) In almost all the situations

10. Inferring about the whole population on on the basis of the observations made on a small part is called

(A) deductive inference

(B) inductive inference

(C) objective inference

11. A hypothesis is a

(A) Tentative statement whose validity is still to be tested

(B) Supposition which is based on the past experiences

(C) Statement of fact

(D) All of the above

12. What do you mean by synopsis of a research project?

(A) The blue print of research

(B) Extracts from the research observations

(C) A plan of the research

(D) Summary of the findings of the research

13. Can a problem be stated?

(A) By putting forward a question

(B) Making a statment which is declarative in nature

(D) None of the above

14. What do you mean by an assumption?

(A) It is a framework in which research work has to be done

(B) It simplifies the logical process of arriving at the solution

(C) It is a restrictive condition

(D) None of the above

15. A null hypothesis is

(A) hypothesis of no difference

(B) Hypothesis that assigns value of zero to the variable

(C) Hypothesis of zero significance

(D) None of the above

16. The preparation of a synopsis is

(D) None of these

17. The advantage of sampling is

(C) increased accurary

18. In case of destructive testings, the best method of research is

(B) Complete enumeration

(C) Census survey

(D) None of the above

19. The method of Randomization involves

(C) Tippit’s table of random digits

(D)All of the above

20. The advantages of random sampling is that

(A) It is free from personal biases

(B) It produces reasonably accurate results

(C) It is an economical method of data. Collection

(D) All of the above

21. Tippit table is

(A) A table of random digits

(B) Used in statistical investigations

(C) Used in sampling methods

(D) All of the above

22. The demerits of sampling methods is

(A) Existence of sampling errors

(B) Requirements of adequately trained personnel for sample survey

(C) Non-uniformity in sample units

(D) All of the above

23. What is the meaning of Randomization?

(A) Each and every unit of the population has an equal chance of selection in the sample

(B) The selection or non-selection of a unit of population does not affect the selection or non-selection of the other unit of the population in the sample

(C) It is a method of selection which is free from subjective biases.

(D) All of the above

24. Type-1 Error occurs when

(A) The null hypothesis is rejected even when it is true

(B) The null hypothesis is accepted even when it is false

(C) The null hypothesis as well as Alternative hypothesis, both are rejected

(D) None of the above

25. What is/are the base(s) of formulation of a Hypothesis?

Research Methodology MCQ Questions Set-2

1. Which is not the characteristic of research

(A) Basic Research

(B) Holistic Perspective

(C) Context Sensitivity

2. The different between the Ex-Post Facto Research and Experiments research is

(D) None of the above

3. Ex-Post Facto Research could be

(D) None of the above

4. Part of social research is

(A) Laboratory experiment

(B) Field Experiment

(C) Survey research

(D) All of the above

5. Kotz has been divided field studies into

(B) Hypothesis testing

(C) Both of the above

(D) None of the above

6. Which of the following is a step of research design?

(A) Defining the problem and formulating a hypothesis

(B) Collecting data

(C) Drawing inferences from the data

(D) All of the above

7. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of sampling methods?

(D) All of the above

8. Scientific methods are used in

(A) only research projects in pure sciences

(B) social science researches

(D) Neither ‘A’ nor ‘B’

9. Which of the following is a type of hypothesis?

(A) Interrogative hypothesis

(B) Declarative hypothesis

(C) Directional hypothesis

(D) All of the above

10. Which of the following is a non-probability sampling method?

(A) Simple random sampling

(B) Systematic sampling

(C) Cluster sampling

(D) Quota sampling

11. In which of the following cases, the formation of hypothesis may not be necessary?

(A) Investigative historical studies

(B) Experimental studies

(C) Normative studies

(D) Survey studies

12. A researcher divides the whole population in different parts and then fixes the no. of units from each of the parts that are to be included in the sample. The method of sampling used by him is

(A) Stratified random sampling

(B) Cluster sampling

(C) Quota sampling

(D) All of the above

13. For the population with finite size which of the following sampling method is generally preferred?

(A) Cluster sampling

(B) Area sampling

(C) Preposive sampling

(D) Systematic sampling

14. A research is based on

(A) Ideas of the scientists

(C) Scientific method

(D) Some general principles

15. The scientific study of the historical back ground of the events to determine its bearing on the present conditions is called

(A) Philosophical research

(B) Action research

(C) Experimental research

(D) Historical research

16. Research and Development (R&D) has now become the index of development of country because

(A) R&D reflect the true economic and social conditions prevailing in a country

(B) R&D targets the human development

(C) R&D can improve the standard of living of the people in a country

(D) All of the above

17. The word ‘unscientific means

(A) Prejudices and biases

(B) Useless arguments

(C) Not being in harmony

(D) All of the above

18. Who put forward the statement, “Research is an honest effort carried out through insight”?

19. The Data of research is, generally

(A) Qualitative only

(B) Quantitative only

(D) Neither ‘A’ nor ‘B’

20. Which of the following is a paramount requirement of a Researcher?

(A) Scientific thinking

(B) Scientific feeling

(C) Scientific behaviour

(D) Scientific attitude

21. A research aims at

(A) Verifying the existing knowledge

(B) Acquiring new knowledge

(C) Filling the missing links in the existing Knowledge

(D) All of the above

22. Longitudinal approach of Research deals with

(A) Short-term researches

(B) Long-term researches

(C) Horizontal researches

(D) None of the above

23. Action research means

(A) A longitudinal research

(B) An applied research

(C) Research which are initiated to solve the immediate problems

(D) All of the above

24. Why Yamuna Action Plan’, is an Action Research Plan?

(A) It has a definite goals and objectives

(B) It is to be finished in a pre-determined schedule

(C) It has a definite socio-economic objective

(D) All of the above

25. Which of the following Researches emphasise primarily the factual aims?

(A) Philosophical researches

(B) Historical researches

(C) Theoretical researches

(D) Behavioral researches

Research Methodology MCQ Questions Set-3

1. A successful research requirements

(D) All of the above

2. Which of the following is the research purpose?

(A) To study a phenomenon or to achieve a new insight in to it

(B)To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with

(C) To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship, between variables

(D) All of the above

3. Which is the Design of sampling?

(A) Probability selection

(B) Purposive Methods

(D) All of the above

4. Survey research methods come under

(A) Pre-empirical research methods

(B) Descriptive research methods

(C) Experimental research methods

(D) All of the above

5. Ethical principle is available in which report

(B) Finance report

(C) Research Report

(D) None of the above

6. The logic of induction is very much related with

(A) The logic of sampling

(B) The logic of controlled variable

(C) The logic of observation

(D) None of the above

7. The aims of research

(A) are descriptive in nature

(B) are founded on human values

(D) All of the above

8. The aims of research is/are

(C) Theoretical development

(D) All of the above

9. Objective or unbiased observation is most vital in

(A) All walks of life

(B) Performing experiments

(C) Normal behaviour

(D) Research methods

10. The reporting of Research findings should be done

(A) by the scientists themselves

(B) in a scientific and effective way

(C) through internet

(D) through scientific journals

11. Reliability of a research result implies its

12. Watson and Mcgrath defined research as

(A) An intellectual exercise

(B) Using exploratory methods

(C) Using scientific methods

(D) None of the above

13. A research is

(A) A serious and investigative study

(B) Being illuminated

(C) Based on standarized conclusions

(D) All of the above

14. A person who is repeating the same mistakes again and again without trying to rectify it, is

(A) A foolish person

(B) An excellent researcher

(C) An excellent forgetter

(D) An insane person

15. In Hindi, the word “Anusandhan’

(A) Praying to achieve

(B) Attaining an aim

(C) Being goal-directed

(D) Following an aim

16. The word “Research” means

17. Social research can be divided into

(A) Two categories

(B) Three categories

(C) Four categories

(D) Five categories

18. Which of the following is/are categories of social research?

(A) Laboratory experiment

(B) Field experiment

(C) Survey research

(D) All of the above

19. Which of the following is/are types of field studies?

(A) Exploratory testing

(B) Hypothesis testing

(D) None of the above

20. Survey research studies

21. Evaluation research is concerned with

(A) What are we doing?

(B) Why are we doing?

(C) How well are we doing?

(D) None of the above

22. Action research is a type of

(A) Applied research

(B) Quality research

(C) Working research

(D) Survey research

23. Which of the following is the key factor in determining the success of group research?

24. Which of the following have a direct bearing on research tools and techniques?

25. The aim of group research is to achieve integration on

(A) Conceptual level

(B) Technical level

Research Methodology MCQ Questions Set-4

1. The evolution of operation research could be associated within well-known development of

(A) Industrial organization

(B) Institutional organization

(C) Small scale organization

(D) Traditional organization

2. The problem and techniques can be classified broadly into

(A) Inventory control

(C) Network analysis

3. Which of the following is/are essential requirement/s to carry out a successful research

4. Which of the following has a great impact mind of the researcher?

5. Which of the following is the first step in a research process?

(A) Selecting a topic

(B) Formulating research problem

(C) Development of a hypothesis

(D) None of the above

6. Hypothesis relate generally or specifically

(A) Variables to variables

(B) Constant to variables

(C) Variables to constant

(D) Constant to constant.

7. The source of hypotheses may be based

(D) None of these

8. Research design is

9. Which of the following is/are purposes of the research design?

(A) Providing answers of research questions

(B) Controling the variance

(D) None of the above

10. In which of the following selection depends on chance?

(A) Probability selection

(B) Purposive method

(D) None of the above

11. In the purposive method of sampling design, items are selected according to

(A) Law of probability

(B) Personal judgement

(C) Law of certainty

(D) None of the above

12. If samples are taken concerning all probable characteristics then there are

(A) No chances of any error

(B) More chances of error

(C) Lesser chances of more errors

(D) None of the above

13. Primary data for the research process can be collected through

(D) None of these

14. A belief becomes a scientific truth when it is

(A) Established experimentally

(B) Arrived logically

(D) None of the above

15. In order to study the relationship of family size to income a researcher classifies his population into different income slabs and then takes a random sample from each slab. Which technique of sampling does he adopt?

(A) Cluster sampling

(B) Random sampling

(C) Stratified random sampling

(D) Systematic sampling

16. A researcher uses statistical techniques in his problem to confirm

(A) Whether worthwhile inferences could be drawn

(B) Whether the data could be quantified

(C) Whether appropriate statistical techniques are available

(D) Whether analysis of data would be possible

17. Which of the following qualities do you consider essential for a research scientist?

(A) Keenness of observation

(C) Logical reasoning

(D) All of the above

18. With which of the following propositions about research you do not agree?

(A) Research improves the quality of teaching

(B) Research contributes to social progress of the country

(C) Research is a joy in itself

(D) Research leads to finding solution

19. Which of the following is/are essential for communicating a research work?

(A) Command over language

(B) Conclusions drawn

(C) Procedure followed

(D) All of the above

20. A researcher should consider himself as

(A) Open minded and radical

(B) A status-quo maintainer

(C) Fairly knowledgeable

(D) Entirely dependent on the teacher

Research Methodology MCQ Questions Set-5

1. A good researcher lays his hands on

(A) A specific area and tries to understand it great details in

(B) A specific area and tries to understand it in minute details

(C) Several areas and tries to understand them at basic level

(D) Any area of his interest

2. The research is always

(A) Verifying the old knowledge

(B) Exploring the new knowledge

(D) None of the above

3. The research that applies the laws at the time of field study to draw more and more clear ideas about the problem is

(B) Experimental research

(C) Applied research

(D) Survey research

4. Which of the following process is not needed in experimental research?

(B) Reference collection

5. A research problem is not feasible only when

(A) It consists of independent and dependent variables

(B) It is researchable

(C) It has utality and relevance

(D) It is new and adds something to knowledge

6. Research methods can be put into which of the following category?

(A) Pre-empirical research

(B) Descriptive methods

(D) All of the above

7. Choosing a specific behaviour and counting its occurrences comes under

(A) Correctional research

(B) Naturalistic observation

(C) Survey research

(D) None of the above

8. Determining the relationships between two or more variables comes under

(A) Naturalistic observation

(B) Correctional research

(C) Survey research

(D) Action research

9. Participant observation is the process of immersing yourself in the study of

10. A research method ‘ethnography’ is the process of describing a

(D) None of the above

11. Which of the following is an way of doing social science research?

(D) Process study

12. Dramaturgical interviewing is a technique of doing research by

13. Which of the following is the goal of evaluation research?

(A) Situation-based decision making

(B) People-based decision making

(C) Data-based decision making

(D) Trend-based decision making

14. Under the evaluation research which type/s of decision is/are made?

(A) Need assessment

(B) Process evaluation

(C) Context evaluation

(D) All of the above

15. Usually which type of questions is asked during interviews?

16. Which of the following is not a component of ethical research?

17. Which of the following completes the research process?

(A) Research note

(B) Report writing

(C) Summary writing

(D) Preface writing

18. Which of the following is a suggested outline for report writing?

(A) Prefatory material

(B) Primary material

(C) Supplementary material

(D) Analytic material

19. Which of the following is the most eye catching part of the research report?

Research Paper Quiz Questions And Answers!

. Have you ever prepared research papers? If you want to check how well you understand the terms, you can take this research paper quiz. With research paper quiz questions and answers, you can check your knowledge and get to learn something, which you were unable to recall during the routine. Read the questions carefully to get all the questions correct with a perfect score. All the best! And, don’t forget to share the results on social handles and friends.

What should be your writing persona, when you have finished researching and are writing your paper, ? How should you come across in your paper?

As a student writing for your instructor.

As an instructor writing for students.

As an expert writing for other experts.

As a reporter writing for the general public.

Inform your reader.

Persuade your reader.

Save your reader time.

Motivate your reader to learn more about the subject.

You begin a research paper by stating your research topic. While stating your topic, what punctuation mark should you use?