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Propaganda posters ww2 primary homework help

Propaganda posters ww2 primary homework help

Britain Since the 1930s

Why were there campaigns during the war?

The war meant that many things were limited. Posters were created stressing the need to stop waste and unnecessary consumption, for the recycling of scarce materials, and for boosting food production from gardens and allotments.

What kind of items were recycled during the War?

• Tins and Metal – For aircraft and tanks, weapons etc.
• Boiled Bones – To make glue for aircraft and glycerine for explosives.
• Kitchen Waste – For feeding pigs, goats and chickens.
• Paper – for munitions.
• Rubber – for tyres.

Posters and slogans were put up to remind people for the need to save what ever they could .

The posters and slogans give us a valuable insight the lives of people living at the time of the Second World War.

‘Britain shall not burn’

‘The Army isn’t all work’

What was ‘Careless talk costs’ lives about?

Why should people be careful about what they said? Who might hear?

Careless talk costs lives‘ was the slogan of a nationwide campaign to prevent people from gossiping and letting useful information get into the hands of the enemy. It was launched on February 6, 1940.

In a war, not only military secrets are of potential use to an enemy. Casual talk coming to the attention of enemy agents could result in military and civilian casualties by focusing action on specific targets.

“Keep it under your hat” means “Keep it a secret”.

What was ‘Dig for Victory’ for?

Dig for Victory was a response to a wartime problem of food shortages

Throughout history one of the main reasons wars were loss was lack of food. Before the Second World War Britain imported approximately 55 million tonnes, or 3/4 of the country’s food by ship each year. When the Second World War started in September 1939 shipping was attacked by enemy submarines and warships. Cargo ships were also used for war materials rather than food transportation. This resulted in food shortages.

In October 1939 the Government launched ‘The Dig for Victory’ campaign. People were urged to use gardens and every spare piece of land, such as parks, golf clubs and tennis courts, to grow vegetables. Even the moat at the Tower of London was used to grow vegetables.

“We want not only the big man with the plough but the little man with the spade to get busy this autumn. Let ‘Dig for Victory’ be the motto of everyone with a garden,”
Rob Hudson, Minister for Agriculture, in October 1939.

Songs were introduced such as the one promoting the Dig for Victory slogan.

Dig! Dig! Dig! And your muscles will grow big
Keep on pushing the spade
Don’t mind the worms
Just ignore their squirms
And when your back aches laugh with glee
And keep on diggin’
Till we give our foes a Wiggin’
Dig! Dig! Dig! to Victory”

Dig for Victory was very successful. From 815,000 allotments in 1939 the number rose to 1,400,000 by 1943.

What was ‘V for Victory’?

The BBC launched a “V for Victory” campaign in July 1941. Listeners were asked to demonstrate their support for the Allies by chalking up the letter V wherever and whenever they could. People all over occupied Europe were urged to display the letter V and beat out the V sound in Morse Code (three dots and a dash).

It was soon realised that the three short notes and one long at the start of Beethoven’s Fifth echoed the Morse code for “victory”. The V sound on drums immediately became the call sign of all the BBC’s European services.

Who were Potato Pete and Doctor Carrot?

The Ministry of Food encouraged people to eat healthy things. Potatoes and carrots were easy to get hold of. A campaign was launched with the introduction of characters called Potato Pete and Dr Carrot.

What was ‘Lend a hand on the land’?

With the country at war and all able-bodied men needed to fight, there was a shortage of labour to work on farms and in other jobs on the land. The government wanted to increase the amount of food grown within Britain. In order to grow more food, more help was needed on the farms and so the government started the Women’s Land Army.

What was ‘Look out in the blackout’ and “Put that light out!’?

On the 1st September 1939, two days before the outbreak of war, Britain was blacked out. Under blackout rules, everyone had to cover up their windows at night with black material. This was to make it difficult for german bombers to find their target in the dark.
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What was ‘Make do and Mend’ ?

Clothes and materials were in short supply, so people had to wear the same clothes for a long time. When the clothes wore out, people were asked to make them into something else.

What did ‘Hitler will send no warning’ mean?

Hitler was the leader of the German army. Naturally, the enemy wouldn’t have sent a warning that they were going to drop bombs of gas, so people always had to be prepared. Gas masks were issued to every citizen. Fortunately, their use was never required.

What was ‘Coughs and Sneezes spread diseases’ ?

It was important for people to stay healthy.

Why was ‘Save kitchen waste for the pigs’ important?

As supplies were short it was important that nothing was wasted. People in some areas collected leftovers to use as food for animals

What did Mothers, send them out of London mean?

Evacuation was introduced in September 1939. People feared bombing and invasion and this fear resulted from the horror that had been experienced during World War I.

Encouraging men to join the army

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Second World War Posters

1. What were people encouraged to do with their clothes?

Make Do and Mend

Make Do and Mend

Clothes rationing was introduced by the British Government in June 1941. It was essential raw materials were not wasted as factories were utilised for the production of weapons. The Make Do and Mend campaign was launched by the Board of Trade in 1942. This poster was illustrated by Donia Nachsen to encourage people to repair their clothes and make use with clothing they already had.

Donate rags

Donate rags

The artist John Gilroy has featured a dustman leading a figure made of rags for recycling. This poster was designed in 1943 to encourage people to give any fabric material to the rag collector for salvage. Rag could be used to make uniforms and blankets for soldiers.

2. What were people encouraged to do with their food?

Grow their own

Grow their own

In 1939 Britain was reliant on cheap imports of food from overseas, and only 30 per cent of food was home-produced. The introduction of rationing by the Ministry of Food was therefore inevitable in January 1940 and families were encouraged to grow their own. By 1943 there were over 1.4 million allotments, producing over a million tons of vegetables that year.

Eat in moderation

Eat in moderation

The need to change the public’s attitude towards waste and portion size was very important when food supply was limited. People were encouraged not to waste food or to take more than they needed. In this poster James Fitton captures the positive message of austerity that the Ministry of Food were keen to promote.

Drink milk

Drink milk

Illustrated by James Fitton for the Ministry of Food, c. 1942. Increasing calcium intake amongst vulnerable sections of British society was a priority for the Ministry of Food. Milk rations were increased for pregnant women and children as priority groups. The initiative’s legacy would be the provision of free milk to schoolchildren from 1946 until 1971.

Supply their own food

Supply their own food

Abram Games was appointed Official War Office Poster Artist and created this effective poster to encourage people to grow their own food using all available space. The connection between the food grown in the ground and the food on your plate was one the government was keen to emphasise, particularly for those who lived in built up areas and were not familiar with growing their own fruit and vegetables.

3. How were people encouraged to stay safe?

Share shelters

Share shelters

Tom Purvis designed posters for the Ministry of Supply and for National Savings. This poster was designed to remind people to share their shelters and help others take cover when the air raid sounds. People were encouraged to stick it on the inside of a door as a handy reminder.

Be noticed

Be noticed

The blackout caused an increase in road traffic accidents and personal injuries. People were encouraged to wear something white such as a glove or badge so that they could be spotted. Fougasse was the pen name of Cyril Kenneth Bird, a cartoonist for Punch and illustrator for London. He offered his services to the Ministry of Information to design this poster free of charge, believing humour could unite British people in joint action.

Evacuate the children

Evacuate the children

In 1939 when this poster was made heavy bombing of the urban areas of Britain was predicted. When the first wave of evacuation began on 1st September 1.5 million children were moved, most in school groups. However, as no bombing occurred during the first year known as the Phoney War nearly half of all evacuees returned home by January 1940. This poster was used to encourage mother’s to keep their children out of London as Hitler appears as a ghostly figure trying to get her to take her children back home.