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Homework help roman entertainment

Homework help roman entertainment

The Roman Arena was a place of entertainment for Romans. The games were often brutal and bloody. At first they were mostly put on for memorials or funerals, but later they were put on for many occasions including birthdays and victories. The games were paid for by wealthy individuals and were used for that person to gain popularity with the people. Julius Caesar became very popular by putting on large public games and theatre.

Animals in the Arena

Sometimes the games would last all day. At the start of the day they would use exotic wild animals such as bears, lions, rhinos and elephants. Sometimes the animals would fight each other, sometimes the animals would be hunted by huntsmen, and sometimes criminals would be thrown into the arena to be killed by wild animals.

Gladiators in the Arena

The main attraction in the arena was the gladiators. Gladiators were men who would fight each other in the arena. Usually gladiators were slaves or prisoners, but sometimes volunteers would become gladiators. A very few of the best gladiators who survived would become rich and famous.

The gladiators were trained to fight. They had different areas of specialties in terms of fighting styles and weapons so each fight would be different and interesting for the people to watch. Some gladiators used heavy armor and swords, while others fought with little armor in order to be quicker. One type of fighter called a retiarius would use a net and a trident to fight. Each style had its advantages and disadvantages.

Not all of the fights were to the death. When a gladiator was about to lose he could ask for mercy. The crowd or leaders would then decide if the loser would live or die.

Another favorite pastime of the Ancient Romans was the chariot races. This is perhaps the oldest of the Roman pastimes. There were teams that raced: the Reds, Greens, Blues, and Whites. People would follow and cheer their favorite teams and riders. Top chariot racers were heroes just like the top athletes of our day. The races were held in an arena called a circus. The oldest and largest circus was the Circus Maximus in the city of Rome which could seat around 150,000 people.

The Ancient Romans also enjoyed theatre. Much of their theatre was copied from the Greeks. Like the games, wealthy people would put on theatre for free in order to gain popularity. Most of the actors were Greek and their favorite plays were comedies. Two of the more famous play writers were Livius Andronicus and Gnaeus Naevius.

Homework help roman entertainment

What was a Roman Amphitheatre used for?

The amphitheatre was the centre of entertainment in Roman times. It was a place where Roman citizens went to watch fights between gladiators and wild animals, such as bears or lions. The bloodier the battle, the more the crowd roared. The fighters were slaves or criminals whose punishment was to risk a most gruesome death.

These fights were so popular that schools were set up to train ordinary men as special fighters known as gladiators.

Where was the largest Roman Amphitheatre?

The largest amphitheatre in the empire was the Colosseum.

It could seat up to 50,000 people at once.

From the ruins of the Colosseum, archaeologists have put together an idea of what happened at these fights.

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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013
primaryhomeworkhelp.com

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John’s Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Homework help roman entertainment

The Romans liked to go out and enjoy themselves.

Roman Amphitheatre

The Roman amphitheatre was the centre of public entertainment in Rome, and all over the Roman Empire. People would go to the amphitheatre to see men fighting wild beasts or each other. These men were called gladiators. It was a cruel sport because someone was usually killed.

Roman Stadium

The stadium (or circus) was used for chariot-racing. A stadium had a long rectangular enclosure, curved at one end, with seats all around except at the the end opposite the curve. Down the middle was the spine (spina), which the chariots hurtled around, lap after lap, trying to cut in front of each other.

A stadium has been discovered at Colchester. This is the first and only stadium so far found in the UK. Rome had eight chariot stadiums.

Chariot Racing

Chariot-racing was a very popular sport all over the Roman Empire.

Roman chariots were ultra lightweight and flimsy. There was just enough room for a man to stand on and hold the reins. In an accident, the chariot would fall to pieces in an instant and hurl the charioteer out.

There were three main types of chariots:

  1. Two-horse chariots (biga)
  2. Three-horse chariot (triga)
  3. Four-horse chariot (quadra)

Charioteers were usually slaves

Roman Baths

The Romans liked to keep themselves clean. Many Romans visit the Thermae (public baths). Every town had its own bath complex (like a large swimming pool).

Most Roman cities had a theatre. Like Greek theatres, the Roman theatre had three parts: the stage, the orchestra, and the auditorium. The auditorium was semi-circular with rows of seats rising up from the flat semi-circular chorus area at the bottom. The stage area faced the auditorium on the far side of the orchestra.

Performances were often part of religious festivals.

The actors were men with each actor playing several roles. They wore simple costumes that could be changed quickly and in public. To help distinguish the characters young men were portrayed by wearing brightly coloured clothing, while old men were portrayed wearing white. Different coloured wigs were also worn. Grey wigs represented old men, black wigs represented young men, and red wigs represented slaves.

There were four kinds of performances:

  • Comedies
  • Tragedies
  • Farces
  • Pantomimes

Entertaining at Home

Dinner parties

The best way to show off your house was at a dinner party. Dinner parties were very popular, and it was common to throw one for quests who had spent the day at the amphitheatre.

The dinner parties were held in the triclinium (dining room). They often lasted up to eight hours. The Romans did not sit on chairs around the table like we do today. Instead the adults lay on sloping couches situated around a square table. Only small children or slaves were permitted to eat sitting.

Entertainment during the parties included actors performing a scene from a popular play or a dancing display.

© Copyright – please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013
primaryhomeworkhelp.com

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John’s Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.