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Fractional order thesis

Modeling a Dynamic System Using Fractional Order Calculus

Fractional calculus is the integration and differentiation to an arbitrary or fractional order. The techniques of fractional calculus are not commonly taught in engineering curricula since physical laws are expressed in integer order notation. Dr. Richard Magin (2006) notes how engineers occasionally encounter dynamic systems in which the integer order methods do not properly model the physical characteristics and lead to numerous mathematical operations. In the following study, the application of fractional order calculus to approximate the angular position of the disk oscillating in a Newtonian fluid was experimentally validated. The proposed experimental study was conducted to model the nonlinear response of an oscillating system using fractional order calculus. The integer and fractional order mathematical models solved the differential equation of motion specific to the experiment. The experimental results were compared to the integer order and the fractional order analytical solutions. The fractional order mathematical model in this study approximated the nonlinear response of the designed system by using the Bagley and Torvik fractional derivative. The analytical results of the experiment indicate that either the integer or fractional order methods can be used to approximate the angular position of the disk oscillating in the homogeneous solution. The following research was in collaboration with Dr. Richard Mark French, Dr. Garcia Bravo, and Rajarshi Choudhuri, and the experimental design was derived from the previous experiments conducted in 2018.

Search for dissertations about: “Fractional calculus”

Found 4 swedish dissertations containing the words Fractional calculus .

1. Some Extensions of Fractional Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Model : Arbitrage and Other Applications

Abstract : This doctoral thesis endeavors to extend probability and statistical models using stochastic differential equations. The described models capture essential features from data that are not explained by classical diffusion models driven by Brownian motion.New results obtained by the author are presented in five articles. READ MORE

2. The Finite Element Method for Fractional Order Viscoelasticity and the Stochastic Wave Equation

Abstract : This thesis can be considered as two parts. In the first part a hyperbolic type integro-differential equation with weakly singular kernel is considered, which is a model for dynamic fractional order viscoelasticity. In the second part, the finite element approximation of the linear stochastic wave equation is studied. READ MORE

3. Parabolic equations with low regularity

Abstract : In this work we study a variational method for treating parabolic equations that yields new results for non-linear equations with low regularity on source and boundary data. We treat mainly strongly parabolic quasilinear equations and systems in divergence form. READ MORE

4. Abelian Extensions, Fractional Loop Group and Quantum Fields

Abstract : This thesis deals with the theory of Lie group extensions, Lie conformal algebras and twisted K-theory, in the context of quantum physics. These structures allow for a mathematically precise description of certain aspects of interacting quantum field theories. READ MORE

Thesis

Fractional derivative models for the spread of diseases

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  • Almuneef, Areej Abdullah Saleh
  • University of Strathclyde
  • 2021
  • T15829
  • 201466549
  • This thesis considers the mathematical modelling of disease, using fractional differential equations in order to provide a tool for the description of memory effects. In Chapter 3 we illustrate a commensurate fractional order tumor model, and we find a critical value of the fractional derivative dependent on the parameter values of the model. For fractional derivatives of orders less than the critical value an unstable equilibrium point of the system becomes stable. In order to show changes in the observed areas of attraction of two stable points in the system, we then consider a fractional order SIR epidemic model and investigate the change from a monostable to a bistable system.;Chapter 4 considers a model for virus dynamics where the fractional orders for populations are different, called an incommensurate system. An approximate analytical solution for the characteristic equation of the incommensurate model is found when the different fractional orders are similar and close to the critical value of the fractional order of the commensurate system. In addition, the instability boundary is found as a function of both parameters. A comparison between analytical and numerical results shows the high accuracy of this approximation.;Chapter 5 consists of two parts, in the first part we generalise the integer Fisher’s equation to be a space-time fractional differential equation and consider travelling wave solutions. In the second part we generalise an integer SIR model with spatial heterogeneity, which was studied by Murray [117], to a space-time fractional derivative model. We apply the (G0/G)-expansion method and find travelling wave solutions, although in this case we must consider the Jumarie’s modified Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative. Finally, we consider the effect of changing the orders of time and space fractional derivatives on the location and speed of the travelling wave solution.
  • Mottram, Nigel
  • El-Shahed, D. Moustafa
  • 2021
  • 9912970891702996

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