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Creative writing for p2

Phrase for Creative Writing P1/P2

At last, you can learn to write compositions CREATIVELY and EFFECTIVELY!
‘Phrases For Creative Writing’ is a series of three books meticulously designed for Primary 1&2, Primary 3&4 and Primary 5&6.
They are studiously written by an experienced and highly successful Creative Writing author/trainer to assist you in writing compelling, winning compositions.
You will learn to make your descriptions fresh so that they will move your story forward, imbue your work with atmosphere, and create that tang of feeling your readers crave.
This book contains:

  • 15 examination-oriented topics.
  • A comprehensive and well-defined list of ‘Creative Words & Phrases’ for each topic.
  • 30A * compositions (2 different storylines and writing styles per topic).

‘Phrases For Creative Writing’ is certainly the most awesome, innovative and stimulating Creative Writing series.

Writing in Year 2 (age 6–7)

In Year 2, your child will learn to write sentences, discuss their writing, and read their writing aloud. Read on to discover the National Curriculum expectations for writing in Year 2, and to find out how you can support your child at home.

What your child will learn

In Year 2 (age 6–7), your child will learn to:

  • write simple, coherent narratives about personal experiences and those of others (real or fictional)
  • write about real events, recording these simply and clearly
  • demarcate most sentences in their writing with capital letters and full stops, and use question marks correctly when required
  • use present and past tense mostly correctly and consistently
  • use coordinating conjunctions (for example, and, or, and but) and some subordinating conjunctions (for example, when, if, that, and because) to join clauses spoken words into phonemes and represent these by graphemes , spelling many of these words correctly and making phonically-plausible attempts at others
  • spell many common exception words
  • form capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters
  • use spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters.

Handwriting, spelling, grammar, and punctuation are all important aspects of writing too. You can find out more about them on our dedicated pages:

How to help at home

There are lots of ways you can help your child with writing. Here are our top ideas.

1. Read to your child

While children do learn new language and ideas from speaking and listening, the type of language we use in writing is often very different from that in speech. Reading regularly to your child, especially longer chapter books that they might not be able to yet read independently, is a great way to support their writing.

While your child will have some favourite books and types of book that they’ll want to listen to again and again, try to make sure they get to hear a range of different types of books, including fiction and non-fiction. This is useful for their writing because it provides models for a wide of language styles.

For books to read with your child, take a look at our free eBook library.

2. Have your child to read to you

Making time to hear your child read isn’t just good for their reading. Seeing words in print helps them to understand the words, to spell them, and to see how grammar and punctuation are used to make meaning.

When you read, occasionally talk about why the author has decided to include something and how they written it. For example:

‘I wonder why the author has chosen to describe the castle as “gloomy”? I wonder what that tells us about what might happen there?’

3. Try some real-world writing

Writing for a real purpose can be a great way to fit in some practice. Writing cards, shopping lists, or letters/emails to relatives can be motivating real life reasons for writing, and can show children how useful it is to be able to write well.

Your child might enjoy keeping a diary or writing short stories based on books they have read or toys they enjoy playing with. Be sure to encourage your child to write about what most interests them, as this is the best way to keep them enthusiastic.

4. Tell stories aloud

Giving your child the opportunity to tell stories orally is a great way to get them used to structuring their ideas and using adventurous language. If they’re not sure where to start, see if they can retell a story that they already know well, like Little Red Riding Hood or Three Little Pigs.

If your child finds it useful to plan out their story first, try our free Story mountain to make a great plot with a beginning, middle, and end. For more practical tips on helping your child improve their storytelling confidence, watch our storytelling skills video with Suzy Ditchburn.

Scoring in Primary Two English Composition

One of the notable differences when Sophie progressed to Primary 2 is having more graded written assessments. With a greater emphasis on writing for both English and Chinese, I began to wonder how I can guide Sophie to score in her Primary 2 compositions. It’s no wonder parents often feel stressed when trying to help their kids with their studies when they feel helpless and unfamiliar with the school syllabus.

Despite being an English speaking parent, I am sometimes at a loss when Sophie approaches me for guidance because writing can be so subjective with no definite methods or answer. But at the same time, it’s also what I like about compositions as kids are not confined to a fixed answer and where they can exercise their creativity.

While there’s no doubt that the enrichment centres or tuition centre may do a much better job at teaching my child how to ace her compositions, I like to be more involved in my child’s learning.

I scoured writing resources, blogs and forums and picked up some very helpful tips and here are a few things that I’ve learnt along the way while has helped Sophie. In fact, her writing has improved over the months where her recent essay got selected by her English teacher to be published in her school’s budding writers publications which was a much needed morale booster.

Understanding Primary School English Compositions Format
  1. Picture composition – Four pictures in a sequence

This is one of the most common formats used in Primary 2 composition where students have to write a story based on the pictures provided.

Pupils are encouraged to be as detailed as possible when describing the events in the pictures while ensuring that they stay relevant to the pictures.

Sample Picture Composition. Source from

  1. Picture composition – Three pictures in a sequence with a question mark for the 4 th picture

This is another common format where the ending is open-ended. This allows students to exercise their creativity for the conclusion of their story and where they can inject surprises in their writing.

I feel that this format gives a chance for students to differentiate their piece of writing from other kids where original ideas will have an upper edge.

Broad topics like, friendship or an act of honesty, are sometimes given where students have room for penning an original story as long as the content is relevant to the topic.

Other times, proverb such as, Honesty is the best policy or a dog is a man’s best friend, are given and pupils have to expound on it and write a story based on it.

Tips for Primary 2 English Composition

I don’t claim to be an expert in writing, but these are my top 5 tips that have worked well for Sophie’s writing in getting her from good to great.

1. Show. Don’t tell

Show, don’t tell is a technique to get kids to think about how they can use their word to allow the reader to experience the story through action, words, thoughts, senses, and feelings.

Here are 2 examples.

Tell Ryan was feeling sad.

Show Ryan was feeling so upset that tears started flooding his eyes as he hung his head low and walked away from his classmates who were laughing at him.

Tell Sonia was terrified of the wild dogs.

Show Sonia’s legs trembled at the sight of the wild dogs and she slowly inched from the dog house.

See how the second sentences have the ability to paint a vivid imagery with just words. Here are some other examples from Pinterest.

For similar resources, head to Pinterest and search for, “Show. Don’t tell.”

Source: Jennifer’s Teaching Tool,

2.Expanding their word bank

In Sophie’s class, she’s encouraged to have a word bank that helps them build their vocabulary with different ways of saying the same thing. For example, thought can be replaced with words like wondered, imagined, dreamt of, etc.

Here’s another example on the possibilities you can come up with for “said”.

3. Start with an impactful opening

A typical start of a composition begins with, one fine day or one sunny day. While there is nothing wrong with this opening, it is painfully predictable and boring to say the least.

To have a more interesting opening, you can get your child to consider using the following:

  • Sound – Ring…. the alarm clock woke me up from my slumber and I leapt from my bed.
  • Dialouge – “Have you ever been wrongly accused as a liar before?”
  • Idioms or proverbs – It was raining cats and dog and I was drenched from head to toe.
  • Question – “Do you ever wonder what it would be like if you could have super powers?”
  • Flashback – Whenever I see a bulldog, it would remind me of the time I was chased by my neighbour’s dog.

4. End it well

Starting well is important but you have to end it well in the conclusion of the writing too. Here are a few formats of how your child can end their writing.

I’m not so sure about the cliffhanger ending as it may give the impression that it’s unfinished.

The printable for the above can be downloaded here.

5. Editing checklist

Last but not least, kids should be encouraged to edit their writing to ensure that they spot any mistakes they might have made in the course of their writing before handing it in.

The few areas I’ll remind Sophie to check are:

  • Tenses
  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Sentence Structure
  • Storyline relevance to the picture

Here’s an editing checklist that you may like to use with your child after he/she completes their writing.

Editing Checklist Source:

I hope this has been helpful for you to guide your kids in their composition to the next level.

Don’t let it be just about the grades

As I write this post, I have to remind myself that it’s a learning journey both for me and my child. There were many times when I’ve lost my cool with my girl especially when I felt that she wasn’t putting in effort in her writing. It led to a lot of needless frustration and tears and at the end of the day, I questioned if it was worth if if she aced her writing at the expense of having her feelings hurt by my harsh words?

So do be patient with your kids as they slowly embark on more writing and don’t expect overnight changes. I’m a believer that we need to equip our kids with a Growth Mindset and let them know that they can and they will improve with time and we should also encourage them and praise them for the efforts and progress they’ve made.

Here are some other useful links on primary school learning that you may be keen to read too.

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